How to write a descriptive essay

How to write a descriptive essay

A descriptive essay provides a fascinating, complete explanation of something—typically a place or entity, but more vague, such as feelings. This type of essay is more innovative than most scholarly work.

Descriptive essays assess your capacity to employ language distinctively and imaginatively to create a noteworthy picture of what you are explaining to the audience. They are as writing assignments in school and composition lessons. Media articles, book reviews, academic studies, records of a specific event, travel documentary films, and narratives of an individual experience are all examples of excellent descriptive writing.

Purpose of a Descriptive Essay

Descriptive essays provide audiences with a more comprehensive knowledge of a subject by branching out with concrete information and figurative language. You must have a precise view of the topic after reviewing a descriptive essay if it’s a historical show, a geographic area, or an artwork. Descriptive essays are also advantageous to the writer. If the topic of the essay is personal, such as your favorite tv show or food, or something culturally significant, this sort of essay is essential for understanding the craft of descriptive writing.

Tips for writing a descriptive essay

The ideal descriptive essays are well-organized, full of specifics and sensory language, and are more concerned with facts than with opinions. Here are the tips  for writing descriptive essays;

Select a particular topic

Solid descriptive essays maintain their emphasis at all times. Whenever you start detailing or writing, decide on the objective of the essay. A thesis statement could be useful for summarizing your core message. An excellent thesis statement in such kinds of essays is minimal about individual viewpoints and regarding mentioning the information that must leave the strongest imprint on the author’s imagination.

Gather information

The right descriptive essays are solid with precision, dates, physical features, background knowledge, and sensory data that can assist your audience to remember your core points. Obtain these specifics and then organize them using note cards into unique pieces of data that you can access as necessary.

Create an overview

The descriptive writing should be well-formatted. Divide your essential topics into unique body paragraphs, all of which ought to be a subsection of the main subject of the essay.

Construct the opening paragraph

A proper introductory paragraph can serve as a guide for the rest of the essay. The most effective introductions begin with a hook, such as a hypothetical question or an eye-catching statement. Following your hook, give a global perspective and outline the questions that the essay will attempt to answer. The conclusion of the opening must include the thesis statement.

Compose body paragraphs

Every body paragraph must start with a subject statement that grabs the audience’s attention and lets them understand what to anticipate from the paragraph. In every body paragraph, distinguish the information. Try to be as precise as possible without burdening your audience. Concrete instances always leave a stronger indication than a general statement.

Closing paragraph

Utilize the ending paragraph to restate the core concepts from the initial paragraph and refer back to crucial facts from the body paragraphs. This section should not be used to present new approaches.  Develop another body paragraph if you recognize you still have significant subjects to cover.

Make essay language interesting

Whenever you think your essay is over, go over it again and check for places where rich sensory information could improve a description. Instead of reciting lists, seek out opportunities to share a story. The descriptive language will stick with your audience even after they have read it.

Features of descriptive essay

Authors use illustrations, figurative language, and accurate language to ‘display’.  A photographer can use a camera to record a picture of a person, an artist can paint a portrait of a person, and an author can define an appearance of a person. A metaphor is a language that evokes a picture in the minds of the audience by appealing to their senses: sight, smell, taste, hearing, and touch. Authors can use phrases to render their audiences to see and feel whatever it’s like to visit the Eiffel Tower.

Figurative language compares two separate items. Each day, individuals employ figurative language without even knowing it. “You’re on fire!” indicates that somebody’s body temperature is immense, but nobody would run straight to get a fire extinguisher. It is accepted that a term like this is an expression of language and not a literal translation. Figurative language is divided into three categories simile, metaphor, and personification.


A simile is a sort of figure of speech that compares two distinct things by using phrases like, as, than, or reflects.  For instance, ‘cool as a cucumber" is a simile that analyzes two dissimilar items.


A metaphor is a type of symbolic language that compares two different things without using an associative term such as like or as. A metaphor asserts that the thing that is compared is something else. “Their cheeks were roses” is a metaphor,  that compares two separate things, cheeks and roses.


Personification is a kind of figure of speech that provides human characteristics an inhuman item, animal, or abstract concept. Personification is demonstrated by the phrase “The light danced on the surface of the water.”  Light cannot dance on the water surface but the language chosen accurately describes how the effect of light portrays dance on the surface of the water.

Writing becomes more descriptive and intriguing when applying exact language. Instead of mentioning a subject’s functionalities, select detailed information and applicable adjectives to define it. The language and specifics employed to represent a subject will establish a tone or provide the audience with an idea of how the author thinks about it.

Element of a descriptive essay

A descriptive essay identifies something, someone, a place, or an occasion that the author has encountered. Illustrative language is used by authors to convey to the viewer the topic stated in the essay. An author can develop excellent descriptions that build pictures in the audience’s mind thereby revealing a particular mood, or emotions, about the essay’s topic by using visuals, figurative language, and direct language.

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